NATURE OF WARFARE CHANGING: When Protection Secretary Mark Esper seems earlier than the Home Armed Providers Committee this morning, he’ll pitch the concept that the U.S. navy wants to completely embrace “vital and rising applied sciences,” whether it is to keep up its edge over different adversaries, particularly China.

“We’re within the midst of speedy technological change that has the potential to essentially alter the character of struggle. Our adversaries are systematically and strategically growing and fielding superior programs, eroding the benefit america navy has maintained in standard warfare,” Esper says in his ready testimony launched by the Pentagon.

FLAT BUDGET, HARD CHOICES: Esper says confronted with a flat finances of $705.Four billion, which doesn’t maintain tempo with inflation, he was compelled to make “many powerful choices” to make sure funding for the Pentagon’s highest priorities, which embody hypersonics, microelectronics/5G, autonomy, and synthetic intelligence.

“Extra so than another rising know-how, AI is reworking our society and affecting the methods wherein we do enterprise, work together socially, and conduct struggle,” Esper argues. “Our rivals have additionally acknowledged the transformative potential of AI and are investing closely in it as they modernize their navy forces. Sustaining a aggressive benefit in AI is important to our nationwide safety.”

FUTURE NAVY: 355 SHIPS, BUT MOSTLY SMALLER: Esper says the Pentagon stays dedicated to constructing a 355 ship Navy, however says the longer term naval fleet will look a lot totally different than right this moment, together with unmanned “autonomous” ships.

“The long run power will emphasize fewer giant floor platforms, extra and smaller floor combatants, frivolously/optionally-manned ships, and an ample submarine power,” he says in his posture assertion. “Simply because the Air Drive and Military are integrating extra remotely piloted plane and optionally manned floor automobiles, the Navy should start to combine and deploy frivolously/optionally-manned ships.”

CHINA PRIORITY NO. 1: Esper continues to warn that China poses the largest menace to U.S. navy superiority within the 21st century, noting Beijing is utilizing its diplomatic, financial, and navy power “to aim to change the panorama of energy and reshape the world in its favor, usually on the expense of others,” with the aim of changing into the preeminent world navy energy by 2049.

“What’s most troubling is that China is pursuing these targets by any means essential, together with compelled know-how switch, mental property theft, cyber espionage, and industrial acquisitions,” Esper says. “As soon as Beijing obtains and develops these applied sciences, it leverages them to intimidate or coerce smaller states, whereas concurrently narrowing america’ aggressive benefit.”

WHAT TO WATCH FOR: Esper and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Mark Milley start their testimony earlier than the Home Armed Providers Committee at 10 a.m. and there may very well be some fireworks predicts Mackenzie Eaglen, resident fellow, over on the American Enterprise Institute.

In an op-ed, “Prime 5 Issues to Watch in Congress’ 2021 Protection Price range Hearings,” Eaglen says border wall funding may very well be the primary flashpoint. “The president has already damaged his personal finances deal, once more proposed drastic discretionary cuts the Hill is dismissing, and raided the Pentagon piggy financial institution a second time for the wall,” she writes.

The HASC Chairman Adam Smith stated it finest: Trump’s raiding of the protection finances undermines the Pentagon’s argument for extra money. ‘Should you can simply seize $7 billion out of your finances, then I believe we have to take a more in-depth take a look at your finances and methods to reduce it.’”

The stay stream of right this moment’s listening to is obtainable here and here.

Good Wednesday morning and welcome to Jamie McIntyre’s Every day on Protection, written and compiled by Washington Examiner Nationwide Safety Senior Author Jamie McIntyre (@jamiejmcintyre) and edited by Susan Katz Keating (@SKatzKeating). Email here with ideas, strategies, calendar gadgets, and anything. Join or learn present and again points at If signing up doesn’t work, shoot us an e-mail and we’ll add you to our listing. And make sure to comply with us on Twitter: @dailyondefense.

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HAPPENING TODAY: The novel coronavirus, which has now been formally named COVID-19, is constant to disrupt operations at U.S. navy bases in South Korea, the place the primary U.S. soldier has examined optimistic for the an infection, and has been quarantined at his off-base residence.

The U.S. navy stated the 23-year-old soldier had been primarily based in Camp Carroll in a city close to Daegu, the place the most recent outbreak is centered, in keeping with a statement issued right this moment. South Korea’s Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention stated 216 of 284 new instances reported prior to now 24 hours have been in Daegu.

Basic Robert Abrams, the U.S. Korea commander, has raised the chance degree to U.S. forces to “excessive” and U.S. Forces Korea has positioned a “COVID-19 hotspot tracker” on its home page.

NO HANDSHAKING, BOWLING, DINING OUT: Underneath “Well being Safety Situation Charlie,” U.S. troops and civilian staff and contractors are being instructed to “restrict non-mission important in-person conferences,” and to “keep away from shut or pointless contact with others, together with handshaking.”

Bowling alleys, film theaters and a golf course at 4 U.S. bases have been closed out of a robust abundance of warning, and “service members are restricted from attending non-essential off-installation actions and social occasions together with eat-in seated eating (take-out is allowed), purchasing, bars, golf equipment, film theaters or areas which have greater than 20 folks,” says the USFK advisory.

US TROOPS IN EUROPE HUNKER DOWN: With a spike of reported instances in Italy, hundreds of U.S troops and their households reside beneath new restrictions as Military officers have closed on-base colleges and different amenities, reports Joel Gehrke within the Washington Examiner.

“These amenities stay closed, and the journey to the 2 states are nonetheless prohibited in Italy,” Air Drive Gen. Tod Wolters, the NATO supreme allied commander and commander of European Command, instructed the Senate Armed Providers Committee yesterday.

There are greater than 6,000 members of the U.S. navy on the base in Vicenza, roughly 70% of whom are accompanied by spouses and kids, “and over 35,000 U.S. navy members in Italy,” Wolters stated.

“They usually’re all largely simply sitting at residence proper now making an attempt to keep away from the coronavirus?” Sen. Tom Cotton, an Arkansas Republican, requested Wolters in the course of the listening to.

“Not largely, however there is a truthful quantity, sure, sir,” the overall replied.

AFGHANISTAN ELECTION IN FLUX: With the outcomes of this month’s presidential election being disputed by dropping candidate Abdullah Abdullah, the U.S. isn’t but recognizing the winner.

“The USA notes the announcement on February 18, 2020 by the Impartial Election Fee of Afghanistan on the outcomes of the presidential election held September 28, 2019 in favor of President Ashraf Ghani,” stated an announcement launched by State Division spokesman Morgan Ortagus.

Considerations have been raised in regards to the election course of. We anticipate these considerations to be dealt with in accordance with constitutional and authorized procedures,” she stated, however added, ‘It’s time to focus not on electoral politics, however on taking steps towards an enduring peace, ending the struggle with the Taliban, and discovering a system for a political settlement that may serve the pursuits of all of this nation’s residents by intra-Afghan negotiations we anticipate will start in March.”

POMPEO: ‘HISTORIC OPPORTUNITY’: “All sides are bored with preventing,” stated Secretary of State Mike Pompeo at a Tuesday briefing for reporters. “We have arrived at a historic alternative for peace. It will not be straightforward to acquire. We should always seize the second.”

The week-long discount in violence settlement runs by Friday, and a withdrawal may very well be signed Saturday, adopted by “phased” troop withdrawals.

“We’re not required to go away until they will reveal they’re fulfilling each aspect of their finish of the discount,” Pompeo stated. “This settlement additionally entails respect for the Afghan folks. It is a declaration that the way forward for their nation resides of their palms, not ours.”

LAST NIGHT’S DEBATE: The final Democratic presidential debate earlier than subsequent week’s Tremendous Tuesday primaries was one other unruly affair, with the seven candidates usually speaking over one another and barely getting the prospect to finish a thought.

However there was some point out of nationwide safety points.

Sen. Elizabeth Warren, who’s making an attempt to place herself because the extra rational progressive different to Bernie Sanders, was requested if she would use navy power to cease the killing within the Syrian civil struggle.

“I believe that what we have to do is we’ve got to offer humanitarian aid. We have to work with our allies on this,” she stated. “However this isn’t a second for navy intervention. We now have received to make use of our navy solely once we see a navy downside that may be solved militarily. We can not ship our navy in until we’ve got a plan to get them out.”

Former Vice President Joe Biden stated he wouldn’t negotiate with North Korea’s Kim Jong Un, however then ran out time as he tried to elucidate how he would work nearer with China and U.S. allies Japan and South Korea.

“You do not negotiate with a dictator, give him legitimacy with none notion whether or not he’s going to do something in any respect. You do not do this. Look what occurred. He gave this dictator — he is a thug — legitimacy,’ he stated.

On North Korea and Iran, Sen. Amy Klobuchar additionally stated she would stress working with allies. “North Korea is emboldened. They’re nonetheless launching missiles,” Klobuchar stated. “So what would I do? I’d work with our allies.

“We ought to be negotiating ourselves again into the Iran nuclear settlement,” she stated, and added that along with confronting Russia about election interference, “We ought to be renegotiating the New START treaty and the opposite arms negotiations that should occur.”

Requested if he would pull U.S. fight troops out of the Center East, former New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg stated whereas “you wish to reduce it again as a lot as you may … We now have to have the ability to cease terrorism.

“There is not any ensures that you are going to have the ability to do it, however we’ve got to have some troops in locations the place terrorists congregate, and to not accomplish that is simply irresponsible,” he stated.

Bloomberg stated the Pentagon is doing a great job spending cash on weapons that shall be wanted for the following struggle. “The issues that I’ve seen just lately satisfied me that the navy right this moment is healthier ready than they’ve been in an terrible very long time.

Sen. Bernie Sanders was nonetheless on the defensive about his reward for Cuban dictator Fidel Castro’s literacy program.

“Excuse me, sometimes it is perhaps a good suggestion to be sincere about American international coverage, and that features the truth that America has overthrown governments all around the world in Chile, in Guatemala, in Iran,” Sanders stated. “And when dictatorships, whether or not it’s the Chinese language or the Cubans do one thing good, you acknowledge that. However you do not have to commerce love letters with them.”

Former Indiana Mayor Pete Buttgieg stated Sanders’ protection of Castro is a dropping technique. “We’re not going to win these vital, vital Home and Senate races if folks in these races have to elucidate why the nominee of the Democratic Celebration is telling folks to have a look at the brilliant facet of the Castro regime,” Buttigieg stated. “We have to be lots smarter about this and look to the longer term.”

The Rundown

Washington Examiner: US has ‘enough visibility’ into Russian submarines however cannot discover them ‘100% of the time’

Washington Examiner: Do malaria capsules trigger PTSD-like signs in troops? Scientists say extra research wanted

Washington Examiner: Man charged for making an attempt to ‘blow up’ automobile in Pentagon car parking zone

Military Times: AFRICOM Airstrike Takes Out Al-Shabab Chief Behind Manda Bay Assault, Which Killed Three Individuals

Washington Examiner: US thought-about ‘kidnapping or poisoning’ Assange inside UK Ecuadorian Embassy, legal professionals say

Washington Post: Ex-Boeing Supervisor Suspected Of Spying For China Says He Was The Sufferer Of A Flawed Investigation

Military Times: Taliban Assaults Considerably Down As Discount In Violence Deal Seems To Maintain

Bloomberg: Pentagon Sees a $9 Billion Surge in Nuclear Spending by 2025

Breaking Defense: Esper To Navy: Rethink Your Shipbuilding Plan

Defense News: Trump Known as For A 350-Ship Fleet, However His Price range Falls Quick Of Even Obama-Period Objectives

Breaking Defense: OMFV: Military Seeks Business Recommendation On Bradley Substitute

Washington Post: As Yemen’s struggle intensifies, a gap for al-Qaeda to resurrect its fortunes

War on the Rocks: Easy methods to repair U.S. Particular Operations Forces

Forbes: 5 Causes The U.S. Military Deserves To Be First In Line For Extra Modernization Funding



Eight a.m. Orlando, Fl. — Day one of many Air Drive Affiliation 2020 Air Warfare Symposium. Agenda at

8:45 a.m. 3301 Massachusetts Ave. N.W. — Nationwide Protection Industrial Affiliation “U.S.-Finland Protection and Safety Business Seminar,” with Kirsti Kauppi, Finnish ambassador to the U.S.; Ellen Lord; Undersecretary of protection for acquisition and sustainment; Jukka Juusti, everlasting secretary within the Finnish Ministry of Protection.

10 a.m. 2118 Rayburn — Protection Secretary Mark Esper and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Mark Milley testify earlier than the Home Armed Providers Committee on “The Fiscal 12 months 2021 Nationwide Protection Authorization Price range Request from the Division of Protection.”

12 p.m. 1201 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W. — Hudson Institute dialogue on “Prospects for a Steady Transformation of the Korean Peninsula,” with State Division Deputy Particular Consultant for North Korea Alex Wong; Jina Kim, analysis fellow on the Korea Institute for Protection Analyses; Bruce Klingner, senior analysis fellow for Northeast Asia on the Heritage Basis; Seong-hyon Lee, director of the Sejong Institute’s Heart for Chinese language Research; Patricia Kim, senior coverage analyst on the U.S. Institute of Peace; and Patrick Cronin, senior fellow at Hudson.

12 p.m. 1000 Massachusetts Ave. N.W. — Cato Institute dialogue on “The Failure of Forcible Regime-Change Operations,” with Lindsey O’Rourke, assistant professor at Boston Faculty; Alexander Downes, affiliate professor of political science and worldwide relations at George Washington College; Ben Denison, postdoctoral fellow on the Tufts College Heart for Strategic Research; and Christopher Preble, vice chairman for protection and international coverage research at Cato. Livestream at

5 p.m. 1521 16th St. N.W. — Institute of World Politics lecture on the affect of the Web in “selling disinformation, lies, propaganda, deep flakes, troll swarms, private assaults, and conspiracy theories, with Donald Bishop, chair of strategic communications on the Marine Corps College.


Eight a.m. Orlando, Fl. — Day two of the Air Drive Affiliation 2020 Air Warfare Symposium, with Air Drive Secretary Barbara Barrett; U.S. Northern Commander Gen. Terrence O’Shaughnessy; Pacific Air Forces Commander Gen. Charles Brown; Gen. Jeffrey Harrigian, commander, U.S. Air Forces in Europe; Air Fight Commander Gen. James Holmes, and others. Agenda at

8:30 a.m. 1201 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W. — “Fiscal Be aware” CQ Roll Name dialogue on the “Protection and the Federal Price range 2021,” with Home Price range rating member Steve Womack, R-Ark.; Matt Padilla, nationwide safety counsel within the workplace of Senator Tom Udall, D-N.M.; John Luddy, vice chairman of nationwide safety coverage on the Aerospace Industries Affiliation; John Nichols, accomplice on the Potomac Advocates; and John Donnelly, senior nationwide safety reporter at CQ Roll Name

9 a.m. 201 Waterfront St., Nationwide Harbor, Md.— The American Conservative Union holds its annual Conservative Political Motion Convention (CPAC). Agenda:

10 a.m. 2118 Rayburn — Home Armed Providers Committee listening to: “The Fiscal 12 months 2021 Nationwide Protection Authorization Price range Request for the Division of the Navy, with performing Navy Secretary Thomas Modly, Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Michael Gilday, and Marine Corps Commandant Gen. David Berger.

2 p.m. 2154 Rayburn — Home Oversight and Reform Subcommittee on Nationwide Safety listening to on U.S. troops who say they have been uncovered to chemical and radiological hazards whereas deployed to Karshi-Khanabad (K2) Air Base in Uzbekistan after Sept. 11, 2001, with testimony from retired Air Drive Grasp Sgt. Paul Widener, K2 Veteran; Kim Brooks, partner of Military Lt. Col. Timothy Brooks; and retired Military Chief Warrant Officer Scott Welsch. Livestream at

2:30 p.m. 2212 Rayburn — Home Armed Providers Subcommittee on Strategic Forces listening to: “Strategic Forces Posture,” with John Rood, outgoing undersecretary of protection for coverage; U.S. House Commander Gen. John Raymond; and U.S. Strategic Commander, Adm. Charles Richard.

3:30 p.m. 2118 Rayburn — Home Armed Providers Subcommittee on Seapower and Projection Forces listening to: “Air Drive Projection Forces Aviation Applications and Capabilities Associated to the 2021 President’s Price range Request, with William Roper, assistant secretary of the Air Drive, acquisition, know-how and logistics; and Lt. Gen. David Nahom, Air Drive deputy chief of employees, plans and applications.


Eight a.m. Orlando, Fl. — Day three of the Air Drive Affiliation 2020 Air Warfare Symposium, with, Will Roper, assistant secretary of the Air Drive for Acquisition, Expertise And Logistics; Air Drive Secretary Barbara Barrett; Air Drive Chief of Workers Gen. David Goldfein; and Elon Musk, SpaceX Chief Engineer and Lt. Gen. John Thompson, commander, House and Missile Methods Heart. Agenda at

9 a.m. 1775 Massachusetts Ave. N.W. — Brookings Establishment dialogue: “How a Modernized Navy will Compete with China and Russia,” with performing Navy Secretary Thomas Modly, and Michael O’Hanlon, senior fellow at Brookings.

9 a.m. 201 Waterfront St., Nationwide Harbor, Md.— The American Conservative Union holds its annual Conservative Political Motion Convention (CPAC). Agenda:

5 p.m. 1521 16th St. N.W. — Institute of World Politics e-book dialogue on “To Catch a Spy: The Artwork of Counterintelligence,” with creator Jim Olson, former chief of CIA counterintelligence.


10 a.m. 1775 Massachusetts Ave. N.W. — Brookings Establishment dialogue: “Congress and protection coverage: A dialog with Rep. Mac Thornberry, R-Texas.”

10 a.m. 1775 Massachusetts Ave. N.W. — Brookings Establishment dialogue: “Defending NATO’s japanese flank: A dialog on Russia with Estonia’s minister of protection,” with Jüri Luik Estonian MoD.


9 a.m. 1300 Pennsylvania Ave. N.W. — McAleese Protection Applications Convention. Register at


“It’s clear by the actions of right this moment’s revisionist powers and rogue regimes that the free and open worldwide order, which has offered peace and prosperity for many years, is beneath duress. America’s adversaries are intent on eroding our navy’s longstanding overmatch, undermining our sturdy structure of allies and companions, and degrading our standing as the worldwide accomplice of alternative.”

Protection Secretary Mark Esper in remarks ready for supply to Congress.


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